Top 13 Programming Languages for Android App Development in 2023

There are many different programming languages for Android app development to choose from in Android app creation. The success of an Android app project depends heavily on choosing the correct computer language.

These languages give developers a wide range of features, powers, and environments that they can use to make solid and innovative Android apps. The choice of computer language relies on things like the developer’s knowledge, the project’s needs, and the community’s help.

Most  Popular Programming Language for Android App Development

Kotlin and Java are the most popular languages for Android app development. Here We discussed the top 13 popular programming languages for Android app development.

●      Kotlin

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) can execute Kotlin, a contemporary statically typed programming language, and Kotlin applications can run on it. Android app creation is viral because of its short style, null safety, and ability to use functional programming.

Kotlin allows developers to easily use existing code bases because of its seamless interface with Java libraries and frameworks. Since receiving Google’s stamp of approval, Kotlin has become more popular among Android developers.

Kotlin has become the language of choice for developing high-quality, efficient Android apps because of its emphasis on developer productivity, security, and cutting-edge language capabilities.

Read Also Angularjs vs kotlin vs Xamarin Which One is the Best

●      Swift

Apple’s Swift is the best language for Android app development, designed specifically for creating apps for its mobile and desktop platforms (iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS). The streamlined syntax, automatic type-checking, and extensive library make it easy for programmers.

Features like optional, generics and automated memory management contribute to Swift’s focus on safety, speed, and expressiveness. Thanks to its interactive playgrounds, it’s easy to use, has built-in support for Objective-C, and works with the Cocoa frameworks you already know and love.

Swift’s strengths include being quick, stable, and able to use hardware capabilities. Swift’s robust Xcode integration means it has top-notch tools support and debugging features. Developers interested in creating cutting-edge applications for Apple devices will find a welcoming community and a wealth of practical tools there.

●      Java

Java has become more popular because of its flexibility and stability. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) supports this class-based, object-oriented language.

Java is a popular programming language for producing a variety of applications, including Android apps, due to its extensive library, framework, and tool ecosystem. Java’s robust and portable nature stems from the language’s garbage collection, exception handling, and platform independence capabilities.

There are always enough resources and assistance accessible since so many individuals are participating. Because of its stability, scalability, and portability, Java has established itself as a language of choice for developing corporate software and cross-platform applications.

●      Angular

Google’s Angular is a popular web application framework that is powerful and flexible. The framework equips programmers with everything they need to create dynamic, scalable websites.

Because of Angular’s modular design, developers can build and reuse UI components while still having complete control over the state of their applications. Implementations of dependency injection, declarative templates, and bidirectional data binding are just a few of how it facilitates development.

Many libraries, tools, and extensions for Angular help developers save time and work more efficiently. Because of its strong community support, regular changes, and official documents, Angular is a popular framework for making online apps that are up-to-date and full of features.

●      C++

C++ is a popular choice for creating high-performance software because of the language’s strength and flexibility. C++ encourages developers to build low-level code optimized for performance by focusing on efficiency and control.

Features like pointers and direct hardware access work well for tasks needing fine control over memory and CPU consumption. For the development of mission-critical software, embedded systems, and video games, C++ is often utilized.

Despite its complexity, the C++ community is enormous, and many libraries, frameworks, and tools exist. Its performance improvements and portability across languages and platforms make it a favorite among programmers who want complete leeway and speed in their software.

●      Objective-C

Programming in Objective-C, a dynamic and object-oriented language, is common practice when creating software for Apple’s iOS and macOS operating systems. It is a superset of C that includes features and syntax similar to Smalltalk.

The well-supported Objective-C capabilities of message passing and dynamic type make it possible for code to be flexible and adaptive. It was a well-liked option for developing iOS applications before Swift was launched, but that popularity has waned.

However, for cross-platform Android mobile app development, Objective-C still has a place when used with tools like RoboVM. It’s a good option for programmers who have worked with iOS or macOS before due to its robust community and wealth of resources.

●      Go

Google made the cutting-edge computer language Go, also known as Golang. Its goal is to make it easy, reliable, and quick to build scalable apps.

Go’s trash collection makes it easy to deal with memory, and the fact that it is strictly typed makes sure that the code is safe and dashes. Thanks to the language’s built-in support for concurrent programming, go’s goroutines and channels make constructing concurrent and parallel programs simple.

Go’s compilation yields self-contained executables, removing the need for any third-party tools or libraries for deployment. Backend services, microservices, and networked applications have found Go a popular option because of the language’s simplicity, performance, and excellent concurrency support.

●      Python

Python’s simplicity and readability have made it a widely used programming language. Web development, data analysis, AI, and scripting are just a few fields where it finds widespread use.

Python’s lucid syntax and rich standard library make it easy to pick up and use. It works with various programming paradigms, including functional, procedural, and object-oriented. Python’s dynamic typing and automatic memory management improve developer productivity.

Django and Flask are just two examples of the many third-party modules and frameworks available for Python. Python has a robust community and a ton of documentation, making it an excellent choice for inexperienced and experienced programmers.

●      HTML5

New features and capabilities included in HTML5, the most recent version of the Hypertext Markup Language, completely rethought the web-building process. It paves the way for developing cutting-edge, multimedia-heavy online apps and sites.

HTML5 delivers a more exciting interface since it better supports multimedia features like sound, video, and canvas. Improved semantics and structure make online content simpler to use and more searchable. HTML5’s offline caching and local storage allow programs to operate offline.

Thanks to its responsive design, it will work on any device, regardless of screen size. As it provides a solid basis for developing interactive and aesthetically pleasing websites, HTML5 has quickly become an indispensable tool for web developers.

●      Ruby

Ruby is an open-source programming language that is powerful and easy to use. It features an uncluttered, elegant syntax that places a premium on readability and simplicity.

Developers may build concise and versatile code because of Ruby’s object-oriented structure and robust metaprogramming features. It offers libraries and frameworks like Ruby on Rails to facilitate web development.

Ruby is famous for making web apps, scripts, and quick prototypes because it is community-driven and emphasizes worker happiness. Ruby’s continuing success may be because it is flexible and easy for developers to use, which makes it perfect for creating complex and valuable apps.

●      PHP

PHP stands for “Personal Home Page” and is a widely-used server-side programming language for building websites. It strikes a good middle ground between being too complicated for newcomers and needing more features for more seasoned programmers.

Frameworks like Laravel and Symfony, built on PHP, simplify the programming process. Websites and web apps can now be created that are dynamic and interactive because of their ability to work in tandem with HTML and a wide variety of databases.

The popularity and size of the PHP community guarantee great valuable tools and assistance for users. Many popular websites and online applications are written in PHP, even though the language has been criticized.

●      JavaScript

JavaScript is an essential and flexible language for building websites. Websites may become more exciting and user-friendly with the help of their dynamic and interactive features.

JavaScript’s robust scripting features enable programmers to dynamically alter the appearance of web pages, respond to events, and connect with servers asynchronously. It features a large community of supporting tools and frameworks, such as React and Vue.js, making building sophisticated online apps easier.

JavaScript’s flexibility is not limited to usage in the browser; it can also be deployed on the server using tools like Node.js. JavaScript is still essential for developing cutting-edge websites because of its broad use, thriving community, and constant improvement.

●      Rust

Rust is a popular modern systems programming language emphasizing security, speed, and parallelism. It’s ideal for developing fast, safe applications because of its unique blend of low-level control and high-level abstractions.

Its model and rigorous compile-time checks guarantee Rust’s memory safety, which also helps eliminate frequent programming mistakes. With its robust concurrency primitives and no-holds-barred concurrency concept, it makes safe concurrent programming possible.

The sophisticated compiler optimizations and zero-cost abstractions in Rust provide a shortcode. Rust’s powerful type system and borrow checker allow programmers to create high-quality, low-overhead software handy for systems programming, embedded systems, and performance-critical applications.


In 2023, these languages and frameworks will give workers various ways to build high-quality Android apps based on their tastes, project needs, and experience level. The Android app development environment is constantly changing, so it’s important to consider speed, community support, tools, and ecosystem when picking the best computer language for Android app creation in 2023.

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